Salt Lake Temple

Videos

Video 1

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September 28, 2011

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Modeled: 2.49
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Video 2

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Video 3

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Oct 22, 2010

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Video 4

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Modeled: Blender 2.49
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Video 5

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Modeled: Blender 2.49
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Video 6

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Video 6

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Video 7

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Modeled: Blender 2.49
Render: Blender Internal

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Vertices: ~5,500,000
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Salt Lake Wiki

Description

The Salt Lake Temple is a temple located on Temple Square in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. At 253,015 square feet (23,505.9 m2), it is the largest LDS temple by floor area. Dedicated in 1893, it is the sixth temple completed by the church, requiring 40 years to complete, and the fourth temple built since the exodus from Nauvoo, Illinois, in 1846.[1]

History

Announcement

The location for the temple was first marked by President Brigham Young on July 28, 1847, just four days after arriving in the Salt Lake Valley. In 1901 the apostle Anthon H. Lund recorded in his journal that “it is said” that Oliver Cowdery’s divining rod was used to located the temple site. [2]

Groundbreaking

The temple site was dedicated on February 14, 1853 by Heber C. Kimball. Groundbreaking ceremonies were presided over by Young, who laid the cornerstone on April 6 of that year.[3] The architect was Truman O. Angell, and the temple is said to feature both Gothic and Romanesque elements.[4]

Construction

Sandstone was originally used for the foundation. During the Utah War, the foundation was buried and the lot made to look like a plowed field to prevent unwanted attention from federal troops. After tensions had eased in 1858 and work on the temple resumed, it was discovered that many of the foundation stones had cracked, making them unsuitable for use. Although not all of the sandstone was replaced, the inadequate sandstone was replaced. The walls are quartz monzonite (which has the appearance of granite) from Little Cottonwood Canyon, located twenty miles (32 km) southeast of the temple site. Oxen transported the quarried rock initially, but as the Transcontinental Railroad neared completion in 1869 the remaining stones were carried by rail at a much faster rate.[5]

The capstone—the granite sphere that holds the statue of the Angel Moroni—was laid on April 6, 1892, by means of an electric motor and switch operated by Wilford Woodruff, the church’s fourth president, thus completing work on the temple’s exterior. The Angel Moroni statue, standing 12.5 feet (3.8 m) tall, was placed on top of the capstone later the same day.[6] At the capstone ceremony it was proposed by Woodruff that the interior of the building be finished within one year, thus allowing the temple to be dedicated forty years to the day of its commencement. John R. Winder was instrumental in overseeing the completion of the interior on schedule; he would serve as a member of the temple presidency until his death in 1910.

Dedication

Woodruff dedicated the temple on April 6, 1893, exactly forty years after the cornerstone was laid,[5] and one year after the capstone was laid.

Dedicatory Count

There were 3 other temples in use when the Salt Lake Temple was dedicated.

1962 temple bombing

On November 14, 1962, at about 1:30 AM, the southeast door of the Salt Lake Temple was bombed.[7] FBI agents state that the explosive had been wrapped around the door handles on the southeast entrance of the temple.[7] The large wooden entrance doors were damaged by flying fragments of metal and glass. Damage to interior walls occurred 25 feet inside the temple, but damage to the interior was minor.[7] Eleven exterior windows were shattered.[7] Some members of the LDS Church believed the incident was related to violence surrounding the Civil Rights Movement, the nation’s racial strife,[8] and the church’s priesthood restriction, based on race, in effect at the time.

Presidents

TEMPLE PRESIDENT YEARS SERVED
President Blaine J. Wixom Jr. 2017–
President Cecil O. Samuelson 2014–2017
President O. Claron Alldredge Jr. 2011–2014
President Sheldon F. Child 2008–2011
President M. Richard Walker 2005–2008
President L. Aldin Porter 2002–2005
President Derrill H. Richards 1999–1999
President W. Eugene Hansen 1999–2002
President Carlos E. Asay 1996–1999
President George I. Cannon 1993–1996
President Spencer H. Osborn 1990–1993
President Edgar M. Denny 1987–1990
President Victor L. Brown 1985–1987
President Marion D. Hanks 1982–1985
President A. Ray Curtis 1977–1982
President John K. Edmunds 1972–1977
President O. Leslie Stone 1968–1972
President Howard S. McDonald 1964–1968
President Willard E. Smith 1961–1964
President ElRay L. Christiansen 1953–1961
President Robert D. Young 1949–1953
President Joseph Fielding Smith 1945–1949
President Stephen L. Chipman 1938–1945
President George F. Richards 1921–1938
President Anthon H. Lund 1911–1921
President Joseph F. Smith 1898–1911
President Lorenzo Snow 1893–1898

Details

The Salt Lake Temple is the centerpiece of the 10-acre (4.0 ha) Temple Square in Salt Lake City, Utah. Like other LDS temples, it is considered sacred by the church and its members and a temple recommend is required to enter, so there are no public tours inside the temple as there are for other adjacent buildings on Temple Square. In 1912, the first public photographs of the interior were published in the book The House of the Lord, by James E. Talmage.[9] Since then, various photographs have been published, including by Life magazine in 1938.[10] The temple grounds are open to the public and are a popular tourist attraction.[11] Due to its location at LDS Church headquarters and its historical significance, the Temple is patronized by Latter-day Saints from many parts of the world. The Salt Lake Temple is also the location of the weekly meetings of the First Presidency and the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.[12][10] As such, there are special meeting rooms in the building for these purposes, including the Holy of Holies, which are not present in other temples.

The official name of the Salt Lake Temple is also unique. In 1999, as the building of LDS temples accelerated, the church announced a formal naming convention for all existing and future temples. For temples located in the United States and Canada, the name of the temple is generally the city or town in which the temple is located, followed by the name of the applicable state or province (with no comma). For temples outside of the U.S. and Canada, the name of the temple is generally the city name (as above) followed by the name of the country. However, for reasons on which the church did not elaborate, the Salt Lake Temple was made an exception to the new guidelines and was not renamed the “Salt Lake City Utah Temple”.[13] (The Provo City Center Temple is the only other temple that does not include a state, province, or country in the temple’s name.)[14]

The temple also includes some elements thought to evoke Solomon’s Temple at Jerusalem. It is oriented eastward and the large basin used as a baptismal font is mounted on the backs of twelve oxen, as was the Molten Sea in Solomon’s Temple (see Chronicles 4:2–4). (However, the literal interpretation of the Biblical verses has been disputed.)[15]

The temple is located in downtown Salt Lake City, with several mountain peaks close by. Nearby, a shallow stream, City Creek, splits and flows both to the west and to the south, flowing into the Jordan River. There is a wall around the 10-acre (4.0 ha) temple site. The surrounding wall became the first permanent structure on what has become known as Temple Square. The wall is a uniform 15 feet high but varies in appearance because of the southwest slope of the site.[16]

Physical Address

50 W. North Temple St., Salt Lake City, UT 84150

Exterior

Cladding

Windows

Symbolism

The Salt Lake Temple incorporates many symbolic adornments, similar to other temples around the world. Symbolism is an important subject in the LDS faith.[17]

The golden Angel Moroni placed on the capstone of the temple symbolizes the angel mentioned in Revelation 14:6 that will come to welcome in the Second Coming of Christ. The six spires of the temple represent the power of the priesthood. The three spires on the east side are a little higher than those on the west: they represent the Melchizedek, or “higher priesthood”, and the Aaronic, or “preparatory priesthood” respectively. The three spires on the east side represent the church’s First Presidency and the twelve smaller spires on those three represent the Twelve Apostles. On the west side of the temple the Big Dipper appears, which represents how the constellation was used to help travelers find the North Star and help them on their way,[18] in the same way the temple is viewed as a symbol to help people find their way back to heaven. On the east side of the temple are “clouds raining down” representing the way God has continued revelation and still speaks to man “like the rains out of Heaven”. Above each door appears the “hand clasp,” which is a representation of covenants that are made within temples. Around the temple there are several carved stones known as “sunstones” which represent heaven, “moonstones” in different phases representing this life in its different phases, and “starstones” representing Jesus Christ. The center tower on each side contains a depiction of the All-Seeing Eye of God representing how God sees all things.[]

Inscriptions

Cornerstone

Spires and Moroni

Spire

Moroni

Sculptor  Cyrus Dallin
Version
Placed
Faces
Height
Feet
Meters

Compass and picture

Project Manager

Manager
Also Did

General Contractor

Contractor
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Additional Contractors

Manager
responsability

Designers

Architect   Truman O. Angell, Don Carlos Young
Also Did  
Interior Designer  
Also Did  

Project Manager

Manager   Daniel H. Wells
Also Did  

General Contractor

Contractor   Member Constructed
Also Did  

Sources and Links

External links

  • Temple at LDS.org(official)
  • Temple at MormonTemples.org (official)
  • Temple at MormonNewsroom.org (official)
  • Temple at LDSChurchTemples.com
  • Temple at LDSChurchNewsArchive.com
  • Temple at Wikipedia

Additional Articles

Sources/Citation

  1. [1]Satterfield, Rick, “Salt Lake Temple”, Temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, LDSChurchTemples.com, retrieved October 11, 2012
  2. [2]Anthon H. Lund Journal, 5 July 1901, cited by BYU Prof. D. Michael Quinnhttps://byustudies.byu.edu/content/latter-day-saint-prayer-circles
  3. [3]Hanks, Marion D. “Salt Lake Temple”. LDS FAQ. BYU Studies. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  4. [4]Hawthorne, Christopher (February 14, 2002), Latter-Day Fortresses: The spooky charisma of Mormon temples, Slate.com, retrieved October 11, 2012
  5. [5]Hanks, Marion D. “Salt Lake Temple”. LDS FAQ. BYU Studies. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  6. [6]“Temple capstone laid 100 years ago”, Church News, April 4, 1992, retrieved October 11, 2012
  7. [7]Blast Mormon Temple with Plastic Bomb”. Chicago Daily Tribune. 15 November 1962. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  8. [8]Johnson, Jeffrey O. (June 1994). “Change and Growth: The Mormon Church & the 1960sHE 1960” (PDF). Sunstone. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  9. [9] Talmage, James. The House of the Lord. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, 1912
  10. [10]“The Destiny of 747,000 Mormons is Shaped in These Hallowed Temple Rooms”, Life, 22–23, January 3, 1938, retrieved October 11, 2012
  11. [11]“Temple Square”. Utah.com (Utah Office of Tourism). Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  12. [12] Craven, Rulon G. (May 1991), “Prophets”, Ensign, retrieved October 11, 2012
  13. [13]“Temples renamed to uniform guidelines”. Church News. Deseret News. October 16, 1999. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  14. [14]Walker, Joseph (March 23, 2012). “It’s official: the Provo City Center Temple”. Deseret News. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  15. [15] Hamblin, William J.; Seely, David Rolph (2007). Solomon’s Temple: Myth and History. Thames & Hudson. pp. 191–193. ISBN 9780500251331.
  16. [16]Hamilton 1992,
  17. [17] “Why Symbols?”, Ensign, February 2007, retrieved October 11, 2012
  18. [18] Truman O. Angell (17 August 1854), “The Temple: To the Editor of the Deseret News”, Deseret News, Great Salt Lake City, Utah Territory,  p. 2, retrieved 19 August 2014, Moral, [of Ursa Major is that] the lost may find themselves by the Priesthood

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