Ogden Utah

Video

Video and Model Details

Video

This is my most up to date version of the Ogden Temple Model.

Mid 2012 the Church revised the rendering of the temple. The stonework changed design slightly, the stone color changed and most noticeably, the spire changed from metal clad to stone clad.

As construction has progressed, I have identified 2 major errors in this model. On the north and south sides, the corner windows on the lower floor of the upper section do not actually exist. The second flaw is the design of the Baptistry entrance on the west side. As none of the church’s released renders showed that side, it was all guess work. It is shaping up somewhat different from what I have depicted.

Audio

Water Fountainbsmusictech
City Street 3 sagetyrtle
Ambient Soundhelupema

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Temple Only

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Early Remodel Design

Video and Model Details

Video

Ogden Utah Temple – 2014 – Initial Render

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Pre Remodel Early Video

Video and Model Details

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Ogden Utah Temple – 2002

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Renders

Ogden Utah Temple Wiki

Description

The Ogden Utah Temple (formerly the Ogden Temple) is the sixteenth constructed and fourteenth operating temple. Located in Ogden, Utah, it was originally built with a modern, single-spire design very similar to the Provo Utah Temple. During a renovation completed in 2014, the exterior and interior were extensively changed. The temple in Ogden was the first built in Utah since the Salt Lake Temple was dedicated in 1893 and since Utah gained statehood in 1896.

The Ogden Temple serves more than 135,000 members. The intention to construct a temple in Ogden was announced by the LDS Church on August 24, 1967.

History

1920

Talk of  temple for Ogden can be documented as early as 13 December 1920, when a headline on the front page of the ‘Ogden Standard-Examiner’ proclaimed “Ogden to get temple, Mormons are told”[1] At that time, both the Logan and Salt Lake Temples were already operating well beyond their capacity.

1921

In May of 1921 President Heber J. Grant inspected a site being offered at 30th Street and Taylor on condition it be used to build a temple. President Grant was greatful for the offer, but as he did not feel a temple could be built at that time due to funds being tied up in other projects int he Church, he ultimately declined.[2] He did however mention that he was partial to the property of Lester Park.

1924

On 7 May 1924, an offer was made for a trade of some other property the Church owned in Ogden at that time, such as the property known as Tabernacle Square in downtown Ogden (Where the Temple now stands,) for Lester Park. This trade was also declined.[3]

1925

On 12 February of 1956 a tabernacle was dedicated on  the lot that would eventually hold the temple. It was the last tabernacle the church would build before moving solely to a meetinghouse/stake center program.

1966

A 1966 study found that 52 percent of temple work was being done in either the Salt Lake, Logan, or Manti temples, even though there were 13 operating temples throughout the world.[4]

1967

In the 1967 the recently formed Church Building Committee was asked to take a look into the overcrowding issues at Manti and Logan and see what could be done to expand the two temples there. They found that, since the temples had been constructed before building codes were put into place, that there was not much that could be done without building codes requiring large portions of the original temple be brought up to code as well. Their suggestion, was that rather than try to make either temple larger, which would include the cost of essentially renovating much of either existing temple, two new temples could be built for less cost. One temple was proposed in Ogden on the tabernacle block, which the Church already owned. The second location the committee proposed was in Provo on a seventeen acre block of property at the base of Rock Canyon being offered to the Church in Provo.[3]

Announcement

President McKay was highly in favor of the idea (being from Ogden himself,) and concurrent meetings were held with Stake Presidents in Ogden and Provo on 14 August 1967 to propose the building of the temples.[4]

he intention to construct a temple in Provo was announced by the LDS Church on August 14, 1967, to help ease the overcrowding of the Salt Lake, Manti and Logan temples already in the area. Concurrent meetings were held with 28 stake presidents in Ogden and 25 Stake presidents in Provo to propose the idea of building the new temples. It was explained in both meetings that, while other areas of the Church were also in need of temples, it was felt these two new temples would serve the largest number of people. This was at a time when the local stakes were asked to raise a portion of the funds for the new temples and Churches, and needed to agree with the plan. The vote at both meetings was unanimous in the affirmative.[4]

Design

The project was then turned over to church Architect Emil B. Fetzer and his staff. President McKay was concerned that the church as a whole would think him a spendthrift for approving not one, but two new temples. The Church had just gone through a major change in emphasis in regards to budgets, and he had already overseen construction of the Los Angeles, Bern, Hamilton, London and Oakland Temples (to that date, no other prophet had overseen more than 4.) He gave the architects very specific orders for austerity and economy in these two new temples.[3] The design guidelines included:

  • Reasonable cost[4]
  • Full size Temples (Not smaller like the recent international temples)[4]
  • More compact and efficient, not large like the recent Los Angeles California and Oakland California Temples.
  • No Assembly Room[3]
  • No Multiple spires, one only[3]
  • No Excess square footage[3]
  • No excess cubage (Vaulted or raised ceilings)[3]
  • One Architectural plan for both temples (absolutely no paying for two plans, though minor changes could be made to the exterior for different looks)[3]
  • No Angel Moroni (though the planning committee purportedly decided to strengthen the spires to hold the weight of a statue, just in case one could be added later.)[3] And indeed, the artists render actually included a Moroni Statue on the spire.

President McKay said, “I would like these two Temples to be functional and economical with temple quality. In the coming years, many Temples will be built. Of necessity, these Temples must be functional in design and cost so that they may accomplish their sacred purposes.”[5]

Brother Fetzer would remark that “I think this [Ogden/Provo] is the only building that I have designed in words before I started to put marks on paper.”[4] The desing was wholly from the inside out, with the interior layout and efficiency being the paramount concern, knowing the exterior would come later.[4]

After a few months of work and preliminary design, Brother Fetzer and his team were informed that film had been approved for wider domestic use to present the endowment, and that management of the sessions and tracking of ordinances would be turned completely over to the Church’s new computer systems. This meant the number of people needed to run a session and a temple as a whole was reduced significantly. This also meant drastic changes could be made in the design and layout. Three Months of work was thrown completely out and on a late flight from New York to England Brother Fetzer and Brother Fred Baker of the Building Committee discussed the changes, and ways to layout the design of the temple without the restrictions that had just been removed. By the time they landed in England, the had a preliminary design that featured 6 endowment rooms arrayed around a central celestial room, and estimates that this new design could perform more endowment sessions than any other temple in the Church.[3]

 

Groundbreaking

Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Ogden Temple were held on 8 September 1969, President McKay’s birthday. The site was dedicated by Joseph Fielding Smith of the First Presidency, and the first shovel full of dirt was turned over by Elder Hugh B. Brown.[6]

Cornerstone

On 7 September 1970, a cornerstone laying ceremony was held with President Joseph Fielding Smith presiding and President N. Eldon Tanner of the First Presidency dedicating the cornerstone. Around 6,000 people were  in attendance.[6]

Open House

A public open house for the Ogden Temple was held daily from 16 -30 December 1971 (except Sundays and Christmas Day).  During the 12 days of the open house it was estimated that more than 150,000 people attended, an average of 12,500 per day.[6]

Dedication

Ogden Utah Temple original design and landscapingThe Ogden Temple was dedicated on 18 January 1972, by church president Joseph Fielding Smith, a few weeks before the Provo Temple was dedicated.

Dedicatory Prayer

Dedication Order

The Ogden Utah Temple was the 14th Temple in the Church, the 10th in the United States, and the 5th in Utah. At the time of its dedication, there were 2 other temples under construction and no temples undergoing remodel, The Provo Utah Temple and the Washington D.C. Temple.

Operation

After 1 week in operation, the statistical numbers from the Ogden Temple showed that it had out performed all other temples in the number of endowments performed. The Brethren leading the church were sure this could not be the case. Ogden did not have a high enough percentage of members to utilize the temple that well, and there was a certainty that nothing would ever be able to out perform the Salt Lake Temple, the Church’s flagship temple.  The building department was given instruction to recheck the numbers and give a full report after the first month. The new numbers at the end of the first month confirmed the earlier numbers. Not only had the temple performed more endowments in a single month than any other temple, it had performed more endowments in one month than Logan Utah, Manti Utah, St. George Utah, and the Salt Lake Temple Combined.[3][6]

 2002

Ogden Utah Temple updated Design and landscapingBeginning in 2001 and lasting through much of 2002, both the exterior of the temple and the surrounding grounds underwent significant changes. Weather damage to the exterior of the temple was repaired and the spire, which was originally a yellowish-gold, was painted bright white. A fiberglass statue of the Angel Moroni covered in gold leaf was added to the temple’s spire, almost 30 years after the temple was dedicated.[7] The temple grounds received redesigned walkways and paths allowing visitors to walk around the temple as well as to access the structure from the main adjacent street.

Reconstruction

Announcement

On 17 February 2010, the LDS Church announced that the Ogden Temple would undergo major exterior and interior renovations that would significantly modify the look of the building. The upgrades included replacing old electrical, heating, and plumbing systems with more modern, energy-saving equipment. Additional improvements included construction of a new underground parking structure, complete relandscaping of the temple block, and renovation of the adjacent Ogden Tabernacle, including removal of its spire.[8][9][10] The interior was reduced from 131,000 to 115,000 sq ft, but through an improved design, there is more usable space following the reconstruction.[11]

There has been much speculation as to whether or not the Provo Temple will follow suit someday, but there were 4 reasons for the remodel (According to a temple engineer) and Provo Temple is not affected by any of them. 1. It was built over an underground river which was resulting in a perpetual mold problem they could not overcome. The Provo Temple is on a slope in the foothills with plenty of rock under the foundation, and now water table issues. 2. It was built on a fault line. The Provo Temple sits about a1/4 mile to the west of the wasatch fault system. While very near, it is not directly on as is the case with Ogden Temple. 3. The temple was doing only 35 marriages a year (the SLC Temple does about 50-70 a week). Unlike the Ogden Utah Temple, The Provo Utah Temple is fed by the MTC and the BYU Students and never had issues with attendance. While the number of weddings there is relatively low, there is no need to attract extra patronage. 4. The stated reason for the remodel was that the church wanted to support the revitalization efforts in downtown Ogden. The Provo Temple is not in a neighborhod that is as run down as downtown Ogden was in the years prior to the dedication.

Construction

As part of the overhaul, the spire was removed, and the upper two stores demolished down to a central structural core. Seismic improvements were made to the core of the structure, and a new temple built around the reinforced framework. The lower story was gutted, the shell remaining largely in place, and a new entryway was carved into the east side.

Open House

On April 25, 2014, the church announced that with renovations nearing completion, a public open house would be held from 1 August 1 to 6 September 2014.

Cultural Celebration

On September 20, 2014, the day before the temple rededication, approximately 8,000 youth participated in a cultural celebration titled “Shine the Light,”which included a telling of the area’s history through song and dance.

Dedication

The temple was rededicated in three sessions on September 21, 2014 by church president Thomas S. Monson.[12][13]

Rededicatory Prayer

Rededication Order

At the time of the Temple’s rededication there were (including Ogden,) 144 temples in operation, 71 temples in the United States, and 15 Temples in Utah. Additionally there were 14 Temples under construction, 12 Temples awaiting groundbreaking, and 3 temples undergoing renovation.

Temples Under Construction Temples Awaiting Groundbreaking Temples undergoing renovation
Indianapolis Indiana Concepcion Chile Mexico City Mexico
Tijuana Mexico Lisbon Portugal Montreal Quebec
Hartdord Connecticut Urdaneta Phillipines Suva Fiji
Meridian Idaho Kinshasa DRC
Fort Collins Colorado Barranquilla Columbia
Phoenix Arizona Durban South Africa
Cordoba Argentina Winnipeg Manitoba
Rome Italy Star Valley Wyoming
Trujillo Peru Aeriquipa Peru
Sapporo Japan Tucson Arizona
Fortaleza Brazil Cedar City Utah
Payson Utah Rio De Janeiro Brazil
Provo City Center
Paris France

Myths and Stories

There has been a tradition that Emil Fetzer intended the Temple to represent a pillar of fire by night (in the gold spire) and the pillar of cloud by day (The  third story above the windows,) as told in Exodus. 13:21, which states” “The Lord was going before them in a pillar of cloud by day to lead them on the way and in a pillar of light by night …” Thus, the white facade of the Temples was the white cloud and the golden spire was lighted at night to represent a pillar of fire.

One source goes so far as to state that he was told this by Kieth Wilcox (Architect of the Washington D.C. Temple) who was told in turn by Emil Fetzer.

Another individual, (This page, 13th comment) however, who says she interviewed Emil Fetzer for a paper on Architecture Symbolism for a class at BYU says that “there was no intended symbolism; in fact, he sounded surprised that “everyone knows”… He may have had a vision, but he wouldn’t admit it to me;… had little patience for all the symbolism…”

There is no mention of symbolism or symbolic intent in articles covering the temple dedication, which went into great detail about the design process. A request for information from the Church History Library returned the answer that they could not find any source for the symbolism, and it was never mentioned by Emil fetzer in the documents and histories they have for him. They believe the story rose some time after the dedication.

The story is very familiar, and spread far and wide. It may be true, or it may just be a very obvious comparison. (I myself made the same connection in the design as a young man without any input from anyone else.) It may be that there is no definitive answer to whether or not this story is true, but it should be noted that none of the other temples designed by Emil B. Fetzer have any claimed overt spiritual symbolism to their design. If he did intend the symbolism, it would have been quite a break from his usual style.

Presidents

TEMPLE PRESIDENT YEARS SERVED
President Michael L. Vellinga 2017–
President Fredrick Froerer III 2014–2017
President Robert R. Steuer 2008–2011
President Gordon T. Watts 2005–2008
President Dale L. Gardner 2002–2005
President J. Kirk Moyes 1999–2002
President Collins E. Jones 1996–1999
President Harvey M. Broadbent 1993–1996
President Dorman H. Baird 1990–1993
President E. LaMar Buckner 1987–1990
President Milton C. Mecham 1985–1987
President Keith W. Wilcox 1980–1985
President Leslie T. Norton 1976–1980
President A. Reed Halversen 1972–1976

Details

The site for the temple is a 10-acre (40,000 m2) lot called Tabernacle Square that the church had owned since the area was settled. At the time of construction, the Ogden Temple differed from temples built previously by the LDS Church. The original design was very contemporary and the lot chosen is in downtown Ogden, surrounded by businesses and offices.

The Ogden Temple was originally constructed with 115,000 square feet (10,700 m2) and four floors, one below ground. The temple included six ordinance rooms and eleven sealing rooms. The stone on the temple was fluted and decorative metal grillwork was added between the stone. Gold windows with directional glass also added to the beauty of the temple.

Other structures on the Temple Block

There are a number of other significant buildings located on the same block as the temple. The first building constructed was the Weber Stake Tabernacle (1855) on the southeast corner of the block. It was demolished in 1971 in conjunction with the construction of the temple.

The Weber Stake Relief Society Building, completed in 1902, was located on the western portion of the block. It was deeded to the Weber County Daughters of the Utah Pioneers in 1926, who used it as a pioneer museum. In January 2012 it was moved approximately one block west to a lot donated by the City of Ogden. The move was to accommodate a new parking structure built as a part of the temple remodel.[14]

The Miles Goodyear Cabin was located adjacent to the Weber Stake Relief Society Building as part of the pioneer museum from 1928 to late 2011, when it was moved to the new pioneer museum location.

The largest of the other structures to occupy the lot is the Ogden Tabernacle, constructed in 1956. The large tower on the north side of the building was removed in the 2010–14 renovation.

Exterior

Cladding

Original Temple
The exterior of the temple was precast stone panels. The panels were of the same material and similar in design to the Provo Temple, except the upper panels were straight up and down with a fluted appearance.
Renovated Temple
The temple  exterior is Granite, quarried and fabricated in China. Many of the new stones feature carvings that bear a pattern similar to the original grollwork over teh original temple windows.

Windows

Original Temple

While the original exterior of the Ogden Utah Temple was less ornate than the new, the original windows were slightly more ornate. The windows themselves were gold mirrored glass like those at Provo Utah Temple. The upper story had a decorative grillwork over them, a series of interlocking inverted arches in a weave like pattern that would be used in carvings all over the inside and outside of the refurbished temple.

Grill from the original temple
Renovated Temple

The new windows on the temple are art glass manufactured by Art Glass Studio in Salt Lake City.

Symbolism

Inscriptions

Original Temple

There were two inscriptions on the Ogden Utah Temple. The first inscription was on the east (back) side of the temple and was added as part of the construction. The letters are engraved into the precast concrete and gilded. The inscription also featured the name of the Church and the name of the Temple.

THE HOUSE OF THE LORD HOLINESS TO THE LORD
THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS
OGDEN TEMPE

The second inscription on the Ogden Utah Temple was a newer addition. It was added around the time the grounds were re-landscaped 2002-2003. It was on the East Side side of the temple to the right (south) of the front doors. The letters were raised brass.

HOLINESS
TO THE LORD

THE HOUSE
OF THE LORD

 

Renovated Temple

There are 2 inscriptions on the Ogden Utah Temple. The first is on the east side of the temple above the east entrance. The letters are engraved into the stone and gilded.

HOLINESS TO THE LORD

THE HOUSE OF THE LORD

The second inscription is on the west side of the temple on the cover above the west entry way. The letters are engraved into the stone and gilded.

HOLINESS TO THE LORD   ♢   THE HOUSE OF THE LORD

Cornerstone

Original Temple

The cornerstone for the Provo Utah Temple is on Northern most corner, facing east. (This is a departure from most temples, where the cornerstone is on the south east most corner.) The text is inscribed in a marble panel and are gilded.

ERECTED
A.D. 1969-71
DEDICATED
A.D. 1972

Renovated Temple

The cornerstone on the renovated temple is in a more traditional location, on the south east corner facing east. The letters are engraved into the stone and painted black.

ERECTED
A.D. 1969
71

DEDICATED
A.D. 1972

Spires and Moroni

Spire

Original Temple

The original gold spire of the temple was 180 feet in height. Cylindrical in shape, it was comprised of 6 progressively smaller tiers. Each of the tiers was made of 8 segments with a scalloped top and a scalloped front. The 2nd and 3rd segments and the 5th and 6th tapered severely towards the base. The 1st segment had straight sides, and the 4th had a slight taper that was nearly straight. In all it gave the spire a rough and jagged look similar to a fountain or a lightning bolt. The upper 2 segments of the spire were gilded, giving them a brighter and richer color than the rest of the spire.

On November 18, 2002, an angel Moroni statue was added to the Ogden Utah Temple, 30 years after its dedication, as part of an exterior renovation project. The spire—originally colored gold—was painted a brilliant white to lend distinction to the statue.To accommodate the statue, the 2 top segments comprising about 25 feet were removed. This put the angel and a more solid foundation. As the angel was about 13 feet in height, including the sphere, this put the spire about 12 feet shorter than original, making the temple about 168 feet in height.

Renovated Temple

The renovated spire of the temple is a single multi stepped construction, in the same location as the first. The spire is now all clad in stone. The central tower of the spire is square, with art glass windows on each side. Above that, as the spire narrows it converts to an octagonal shape. The final tapered section has brass inserts on the 4 edges in line with the corners from below, adding some sparkle to he spire.

The total height of the new spire 188 feet 8 inches including the Angel Moroni Statue, or roughly 8 and 3/4 feet taller than it was when first built.

Moroni

Original Temple

Initially there was no statue on the temple, though an early artist render shows the temple with a statue on top.

A statue was added in 2002 as part of an exterior renovation.

Renovated Temple

During the 2012-2014 renovation the Angel Statue was removed, refurbished, and placed back on the spire on 7 May 2013, shortly after the upper portion of the new spire was lifted into place. The statue is a fiberglass casting of a statue carved by Karl Quilter in 1985. It is placed on teh spire to face east.

Interior

Carved stone and wood capitals illustrate the exceptionally fine craftsmanship displayed throughout the Ogden Utah Temple. Art glass decorates the temple interior and exterior. The celestial room, which represents heaven on earth, has an art-glass dome instead of the central chandelier typical of a number of celestial room designs. Four gorgeous Art Deco–style chandeliers hang throughout the room, and four torchieres of a similar design stand on stone pillars on the floor. Design motifs include the desert rose, prairie grass and a weave pattern that echoes a design element from the original temple.

Individuals and Contractors

Architect Mark B. Graff
Architect Emil B. Fetzer
Project Manager
Fred A. Baker
Contractor Okland Construction
Architect 2014
Richardson Design Partnership
Contractor 2014
Big-D Construction
Electrical 2014
GSL Electric
Exterior 2014
The Facade Group LLC
Stone Contractor
Caffall Tile
Advanced Stone Engineering
ATP Engineering
Water Features
Water Design Inc.
Steel and Metal Work
DuckWorks

Sources and Links

External links

  • LDS.org(official)
  • MormonTemples.org (official)
  • MormonNewsroom.org (official)
  • LDSChurchTemples.com
  • LDSChurchNewsArchive.com
  • Wikipedia

Additional Articles

Sources/Citation

  1. [1]“Front Page,” Ogden Standard-Examiner,(via Library of Congress) 13 December 1920. Accessed 13 August 2017.
  2. [2]“First Presidency Inspects Temple Site” Deseret News, 16 May 1921. Accessed 13 August 2017
  3. [3]“The Detailed Story of the Old and New Ogden Temples,” Nighuntokolob.blogspot.com, 17 December 2015. Accessed 2 October 2016.
  4. [4]Green, Doyle L., “Two Temples to Be Dedicated”, Ensign, January 1972
  5. [5]David O. McKay, quoted in Emil Baer Fetzer, Completed Writings of Emil Baer Fetzer, 2003, 3, Church History Library, Salt Lake City.
  6. [6]“Why were the first Ogden/Provo LDS temples designed the way they were?”Nighuntokolob.blogspot.com, 8 February 2016. Accessed 2 October 2016.
  7. [7]“Ogden Utah Temple to receive improvements, Moroni statue”Church News, September 14, 2002
  8. [8]Stack, Peggy Fletcher (February 17, 2010), “‘Somewhat dated’ LDS temple to get new look”The Salt Lake Tribune
  9. [9] “News Story: Ogden Temple to Get Architectural Facelift”Newsroom, LDS Church, February 17, 2010
  10. [10]Askar, Jamshid (February 18, 2010), “Ogden temple renovation to include significant architectural face-lift”Church News
  11. [11]Saxton, Bryon (October 21, 2012), “Ogden Temple renovation update elicits ‘oohs’ and ‘ahhs'”Standard-Examiner, retrieved 2012-10-26
  12. [12] “News Release: Ogden Utah Temple Will Be Rededicated in September 2014”Newsroom [MormonNewsroom.org], LDS Church, 25 April 2014
  13. [13]“News Release: Ogden Utah Temple Rededicated by President Thomas S. Monson”Newsroom [MormonNewsroom.org], LDS Church, 21 September 2014
  14. [14]“Museum History”Weber County DUP Museum. Retrieved 1 January 2015.

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Comments

This post currently has 2 responses

  • When you make a 3d rendering of the temples where do you get your dimensions from? The reason I ask is because I have been asked to be in charge of building a parade float for the 2013 Pioneer days Parade in Ogdent. We were thinking of building a scale model of the new temple for our float but I cannot seem to find anyone able to provide the architectual renderings with dimensions to go off of. I don’t know that I dare try to do it simply from the picture the church has provided. I do find your 3d model more useful, but again I don’t know that I could use it effectively to produce a scale model. If you could provide me with any useful information towards this goal I would be appreciative.
    Sincerely, Daniel L Frame

    • Daniel,

      I got my dimensions from the Church rendering for any temple that is not yet built, and from photographs for those that have not yet. Here are a few things I know from the rendering and watching the construction on the Ogden Temple remodel:

      The Moroni will sit about 3-5 feet higher than it did on the Temple when it had a white spire.

      The Outside Dimensions of the Base of the temple have not changed with the exception of them being about 2 feet taller. Then you cut in the east section for the new entryway.

      The dimensions of the upper portion will be slightly taller, again by 2-3 feet. The east and west faces of the upper portion match the location of the original east and west faces. The north and south faces match the location of the north and south GLASS portion on the second floor.

      Everything else was guesswork!

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