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Logan Utah Temple

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easter morning birdsong – jim frank

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Temple Only

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Logan Utah Temple Wiki

Description

The Logan Utah Temple is the fourth constructed and the second of the still-operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Located in the city of Logan, Utah, it was the second LDS temple built in the Rocky Mountains, the St. George Temple.

History

Proposed

On 22 August 1863, during a meeting between local leaders, members, and the General authorities in a large bowry constructed in Logan, Wilford W. Woodruf, then an apostle, stood and to the congregation prophesied the coming of a temple to Logan:

Yea, the day will come after your fathers and the prophets and apostles are dead and passed away into the spirit world, when you will have the privilege of going into the towers of a glorious temple, which will be built unto the name of the Most High east of us upon the Logan bench; and you will stand in the towers of that temple and your eyes survey this glorious Valley, filled with cities and villages, occupied with tens of thousands of Latter-Day Saints.[1]

President Brigham Young then stood and affirmed that “All that Brother Woodruff has said is revelation and will be fulfilled.”[1]

Announcement

The LDS temple in Logan was announced on May 18, 1877,[2] just after the dedication of the St. George Temple in April 1877. The site of the Logan Utah Temple had been held in reserve for many years. It was used as a park and public grounds before being dedicated as the site for the temple. The Salt Lake Temple had been announced in 1847 but construction was still underway and would not be completed until 1893, so the Logan Utah Temple was built along with the St. George Utah Temple to satisfy the church’s immediate need for temples.

Groundbreaking

Groundbreaking was at noon on 18 May 1877  by John W. Young.Site Dedication was performed the same day by Elder Orson Pratt, Second Counselor.

Construction

Like the other temples of the early Church, the Temple was member constructed. Roughly 25,000 people worked on the Logan Utah Temple. Rocks and timber used for the temple were hauled from the Temple Fork area of Logan Canyon. As completion of the temple neared, women in the area were asked to make carpets for the temple, since commercially made carpet could not be bought in Utah at that time. The women spent two months working to hand make two thousand square yards of carpet.

 

Dedication

The temple was originally dedicated on 17-19 May 1884 by John Taylor, then President of the Church, in 3 sessions. [1] This is the only Temple dedicated by President Taylor.

Dedicatory Prayer

Dedicatory Count

There was one other temple (St. George Utah Temple) in use when the Logan Utah Temple was dedicated. Logan brought the total temple count to 2. Additionally there were 2 other temples under construction, Manti Utah and Salt Lake Utah

1884

Logan Temple, 1884
The temple about the time of the dedication, with the original annex and the bright colored exterior. Reports on the color range from beige to tan to slightly pink, depending on the source.

1886

Logan Temple, 1886
A Small addition to the annex, including an expanded entryway on the east side. Some of the early photos that remain of the original Logan Utah Temple suggest the string courses (The bands of carved stone that run around the temple, currently a yellow sandstone color) may have been darker than the rest of the temple walls, even when painted.

Fire and Repair

In 1917, a fire destroyed much of the southeast stairway of the Logan Utah Temple. Forty thousand dollars was spent to repair it within three months.

1920

Logan Temple, 1920Expansions to the original annex. White washing still visible on the bottom course of the temple. Original chimney replaced with a taller chimney in an effort to solve issues with soot buildup on the temple proper. (Work possibly done in conjunction with 1917 fire, but known photos dated 1920.)

1930

Logan Temple, 1930
Additional expansion to the original annex. New entryway off the east end expanded, old entryway on west side remodeled and expanded. New south west annex addition tied annex directly into the first floor of the temple, instead of through underground tunnel. Additional expansion on the annex north end.

Modernization

In 1949, the temple was remodeled and received updated lighting, heating, air conditioning, elevators, and other modern conveniences. The annex was expanded again, to the North and west. Crenelations on the annex walls were removed. A new taller chimney was placed farther from the temple, again to address issues with soot fouling the exterior of the temple proper.

Historical Registration

The Logan Utah Temple was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on November 20, 1975.[3]

Closure and Remodel

In 1977, more remodeling was undertaken and the interior was completely gutted and redone.

Need

The Ogden Temple was dedicated in 1972 and it was expected that it would take some of the load from Logan and Salt Lake Temples. Prior to the Ogden Temple being built, it was not unheard of for people to have to wait as long as 3 hours to get into one of the other two temples.  Even at the time of the time of building of the Ogden temple, there had been talk of converting the Logan Utah Temple to the video system of presentation in order to increase efficiency.[4] Despite the Ogden temple being efficient enough to perform more work in a single month than Logan, Salt Lake, Manti and St George combined,[5] the wait time at Logan still remained.

The Proposal

In 1974 Emil B. Fetzer was asked by the First Presidency to propose plans to convert the Logan Utah Temple so that film could be used for part of the endowment ceremony. After about a year of working on the problem, he presented what he felt was the only viable option: remove all inner walls and particions, and start with a completely new layout to the interior. Besides effectively gutting all but the assembly hall on the top most level, the plan also included retrenchment of the footings, removing the existing temple annex on the North Side and building a larger annex in its place, and fixing structural issues with the original temple shell. Approval was given in August 1975[6]

Construction

Upon commencement of the work in November of 1976, it became apparent that even the Assembly hall had structural issues, so it was removed with the intention of rebuilding it in its original state. Then the roof as well was found to have structural issues, so it to was stripped down to the trusses to be replaced as well. The drastic state this left the temple in is described by a Quote from the working draft of the book Lengthen Your Stride: The Presidency of Spencer W. Kimball:

As Fetzer…stood in the dirt of the basement level and looked up to see open sky through the skeleton roof trusses, he says, “I was horribly shocked,…shaken at the boldness and the audacity that I had in proposing such an extreme and drastic manner for changing a temple…yet, I knew that it was right.”[6]

The remodel finished in 1979, and increased the temples capacity by 75% compared to the original layout.[7]

Open House

An open house for the newly remodeled temple was held February 6-March 3 of 1979, a total of 24 days.

Rededication

The temple was rededicated 13–15 March 1979 by Spencer W. Kimball in 9 sessions.[8]

Rededicatory Prayer

Dedicatory Count

There were 17 temples in operation worldwide at the time (including Logan.) Additionally, there were 2 temples under construction at this time, the Seattle Washington Temple, and the Tokyo Japan Temple. 3 Temples had been announced and were awaiting construction: Mexico City, Jordan River, and American Samoa (American Samoa would later be canceled and replaced with Sydney, Papeete, Nuku’alofa, and Apia Temples.)

Reception

Reception of the remodel of the temple was mixed. 30 years later it is still common to see complaints and laments over the loss of the historical pioneer aspects of the temple[9][10]

One very poignant sentiment was recounted by musician and cache valley historian Michael Ballam. In an interview with his grandfather, who had been a witness to the changes made during the remodel. He asked him what he had felt watching all the “beautiful things” being removed from the temple:

“It was hard, but we needed to learn a Lesson… some of us were confused that the temple was about velvet, and about marble, and about beautiful paintings, and it’s not. It’s about Holy Ordinances. And those ordinances could be performed in a tent in the wilderness as they were with Moses, Or in a home that was worthy of those ordinances, and I think some of us needed to learn that lesson. I was one of them.”[11]

The Temple had been registered a historical place in November of 1975, the remodel and modernization brought complaints from the National Register of Historic Places. To those complaints a regional representative of the Church responded, “Personally, I don’t see any difference on way or another. The temple serves a religious purpose whether it’s an historical site or not.” [12]

Presidents

Glen O. Jenson[13] 2014-Current
G. Ward Taylor[14] 2011-2014
W. Rolfe Kerr 2008-2011
Dennes E. Simmons 2005-2008
Max W. Craner 1999-2002
G. Jackson Kidd 1996-1999
Oral Lamb Ballam 1993-1996
Ivan V. Miller 1990-1993
George C. Ficklin 1987-1990
Ralph M. Jonson 1984-1987
Reed Bullen 1978-1984
Lloyd R. Hunsaker 1973–1978
A. George Raymond 1952–1968
Elvie W. Heaton 1968–1973
ElRay L. Christiansen 1943–1952
Joseph Quinney Jr. 1936–1943
William A. Noble 1935-1936
Joseph R. Shepherd 1918-1935
William Budge 1906–1918
Marriner W. Merrill 1884-1906

Specifications

Measurement Value
Height (West Tower) 165′
Height (East Tower) 170′
Height (Shoulder)
Length 168′
Width 224′
Square Feet 115,507 (Orig. 59130)
Footprint
Floors  5
Endowment Rooms  4
Sealing Rooms  11

Exterior

Cladding

Dark-colored, siliceous limestone—an extremely hard stone and compact in texture.

Buff-colored sandstone was used wherever detailed shaping was necessary.

Initially, the whole temple was whitewashed or painted to give it a light color in appearance. As the white weathered away, the decision was made to allow it to do so. For a time, only the lowest level of the temple retained the light color, until that too was allowed to weather away

Windows

Large arched multi pane clear glass windows

Symbolism

Inscriptions

Cornerstone

Keystones

Spires and Moroni

Spire

Moroni

None – Dual weather vanes only.

Personel and Companies

Assignment Individual/Company
Architect Truman O. Angell
Superintendant of Construction Charles O. Card
Master Mason John Parry
Plastering Foreman William Davis

Sources and Links for the Logan Utah Temple

External links

Additional Articles

Sources/Citation

  1. [1]M. R. Hovey “Construction of the Temple,” Logan Journal, 4 August 1923, via MendonUtah.net. accessed 7 May 2017.
  2. [2] Roberts, Allen D.,  “National Register of Historic Places Inventory – Nomination Form: Logan Temple” (PDF). National Park Service, June 2, 1975. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
  3. [3]National Park Service“National Register Information System”. National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 9 July 2010.
  4. [4]Prince and Wright, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism, University of Utah Press, p 268, 2005.
  5. [5]Arave, Lynn, Why were the first Ogden/Provo LDS temples designed the way they were?, Nigh Unto Kolob, 8 February 2016. accessed 2 October 2016.
  6. [6]Kimball, Lengthen Your Stride: The Presidency of Spencer W. Kimball, working draft, Ch. 35 p. 22
  7. [7]Lynne Hollstein, “Tours begin in Logan Temple,” Deseret News, Feb 10, 1979
  8. [8]“Logan Temple Rededicated” Ensign, May 1979. Accessed 7 May 2017
  9. [9]BT,”Logan Temple: Interior, Renovation, and Restoration,” Historic LDS Architecture, 30 July 2015.
  10. [10]Commment Section”The Logan Temple – Then and Now,” The Trumpet Stone, 16 January 2011. accessed 25 April 2017.
  11. [11]Logan Temple Part 6,” YouTube, accessed 25 October 2016.
  12. [12]“Historical register status or not, Logan Temple will serve function,” Deseret News, May 7 1979
  13. [13]Six New Temple Presidents Called,” LDS.org, 27 May 2014, accessed 25 April 2017.
  14. [14]New Temple Presidents” Church News, 21 May 2011. accessed 25 April 2017.

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